Everyone calls the Free Application for Federal Student Aid by its acronym: FAFSA. The U.S. Department of Education administers the online FAFSA and millions of students complete the FAFSA each year.
The FAFSA is the most far-reaching financial aid application because it:
- Determines Federal Pell Grant eligibility
- Has a key role in determining PA state grant eligibility (and other states’ grants)
- Is required for federal student and parent loans
- Is needed for some scholarships
Most students under the age of 24 will need to include information about their parent(s) on their FAFSA, even if they live separately or their parent(s) will not help them financially.
More information about dependent and independent students from Federal Student Aid.
What if your parents are divorced or separated or never married?
More information about which parent(s) to include from Federal Student Aid.
Creating an FSA ID
You and, if needed, a parent, sign your FAFSA electronically using the FSA ID. If you do not have a FSA ID, you (and parent) should each create one at least 1-3 weekdays before you start your FAFSA. Create an FSA ID.
Continuing for 2019-2020: Early FAFSA
- It became available in October
- This 'early' release explains the nickname ‘Early FAFSA’
- The 2019-2020 FAFSA uses income from year 2017 rather than 2018
The early release of the FAFSA gives ample time for all students to submit their FAFSA well before Penn College’s March 1 Priority Submission Deadline. The use of 2017 income will allow a high percentage of student and parent taxpayers to use the IRS Data Retrieval Tool (DRT) embedded within the FAFSA. The DRT transfers IRS income and tax information from a taxpayer’s 2017 IRS tax return directly to the 2019-2020 FAFSA. We highly recommend students and parents use the DRT because it:
- Simplifies your FAFSA completion process
- Reduces the odds of error on your FAFSA
- Reduces the likelihood that your FAFSA is selected for Federal Verification
Even though the FAFSA now begins in October, other factors prevent the awarding of aid earlier than before. View Financial Aid award timeline.
Contact the Financial Aid Office with any questions you have about Early FAFSA.
Completing the FAFSA
All students should complete a FAFSA once per year before the Priority Submission Deadline of March 1.
- If you start in Summer or Fall 2019 or Spring 2020 Semester, you complete the 2019-2020 FAFSA
- You (and parents) should utilize the time-saving IRS Data Retrieval Tool as you complete your FAFSA
- 12 Common FAFSA Mistakes from the U.S. Department of Education
File your 2019-2020 FAFSA for Summer or Fall 2019 and/or Spring 2020 Semesters.
About 1 out of 4 students who submit a FAFSA are selected for a process called Federal Verification by the U.S. Department of Education. The Financial Aid Office is here to assist you if you are chosen.
Incomplete or conflicting information on your FAFSA may lead to Verification, or your FAFSA may be chosen at random. Regardless of the reason, the Financial Aid Office must compare FAFSA data with Verification information received from students (and parents). We must complete Verification before we can process Federal Direct Loans, any federal grants, Federal Work-Study, or private alternative loans. That means no federal aid or private loans will be applied toward your eBill until Verification is finalized.
If your FAFSA is selected for Federal Verification, the Financial Aid Office will mail you a detailed letter and Verification Form that explains what you (and parents) need to do. The Verification process is somewhat ‘customized,’ so not all students and parents are required to provide the same information. However, everyone needs to complete and return the Verification Form we mail.
Using the IRS Data Retrieval Tool (DRT) on your FAFSA makes the Verification process go faster! The DRT allows taxpayers (student or parent) to transfer key financial data from their IRS Tax Return directly to a FAFSA. Students and parents who use the DRT and did not change any of the transferred items will, with very few exceptions, not have to provide us with any financial documents for Verification. Taxpayers who were unable to use the DRT will, in most cases, need to provide us with signed copies of IRS Tax Return Transcripts ordered directly from the IRS. Learn how to request a Tax Return Transcript.
Wage earners who don’t need to submit IRS tax returns will need to provide us with
- copies of all of their W-2 Forms for the calendar year stated on their Verification Form, and
- a Verification of Non-filing Letter, which you must request from the IRS (not needed for 'dependent' students who are required to have parental information on their FAFSA)
Once we have everything we need from you (and parents) we compare your FAFSA data with Verification information received and, if needed, we will adjust your FAFSA information. In some cases, we may require additional information. Please respond quickly to prevent delays in processing your financial aid.
From winter into early summer, we receive a large number of Verifications and we cannot process them as quickly as we would like to. If your FAFSA is chosen for Verification, we appreciate your patience. Promptly providing us with all of the information we request and, if eligible, using the DRT, will allow us to complete your Verification more quickly. Note that accepted students can check on your Verification status using the 'View Financial Aid Information' section of SIS.
PHEAA has a similar but separate review for Pennsylvania state grant recipients called Validation. If you receive an email or letter from PHEAA describing the Validation process, you will need to submit to PHEAA the financial documents it requests, even if you have previously sent us documents for Federal Verification.