## Breadcrumb

Support Penn College# Mathematics Courses

### Pre-Algebra

##### MTH004

Preparation for MTH 011 or MTH 005. Review of fundamental arithmetic concepts and skills, with a focus on problem solving and an introduction to algebraic representation. Topics include arithmetic operations with whole numbers, fractions and decimals, percents, ratios and proportions, the English System of measurement, geometry, and an introduction to solving and graphing linear algebraic equations. Technology is used to enhance thinking and understanding, to solve problems, and to judge/verify results. Course does not satisfy any course or elective requirement, regardless of academic major. 3 Credits (3 Lecture)
* Prerequisite(s): Placement by Examination.*

### Elementary Algebra I

##### MTH005

Study designed for students with little or no background in algebra. Topics include real numbers, variable expressions, linear equations in one and two variables, inequalities, exponents and scientific notation, polynomial operations, and application problems. Emphasis on math study skills. Technology is used to enhance thinking and understanding, to solve problems, and to judge/verify results. Verbal, numerical, graphical and symbolic approaches assist in the discovery and communication of mathematical concepts. Course does not satisfy any course or elective requirement, regardless of academic major. 3 Credits (2 Lecture - 3 Lab)
* Prerequisite(s): MTH004 or Placement by Examination.*

### Elementary Algebra II

##### MTH006

Study designed for students with a limited background in algebra in preparation for MTH 180. Topics include systems of linear equations, polynomial division and special products, factoring, rational expressions, radical expressions, quadratic equations, functions and application problems. Emphasis on math study skills. Technology is used to enhance thinking and understanding, to solve problems and to judge/verify results. Verbal, numerical, graphical and symbolic approaches assist in the discovery and communication of mathematical concepts. Course does not satisfy any course or elective requirement, regardless of academic major. 3 Credits (2 Lecture - 3 Lab)
* Prerequisite(s): MTH005 or Placement by Examination.*

### Career Mathematics

##### MTH011

Survey of practical mathematics; designed for students enrolled in certificate programs in technical areas. Topics include a basic math review; use of technology; systems of measurement; solutions of simple algebraic equations, including ratio and proportion; algebraic graphs; practical plane geometry; solid geometry; right angle geometry; interpretation of data including formulas, graphs and tables; descriptive statistics; personal financial calculations; and vectors. Traditional study is enhanced through collaborative group activities, demonstrations, projects, activities involving technology, hands-on construction, and models. 3 Credits (2.50 Lecture - 1.50 Lab)
* Prerequisite(s): MTH004 or Placement by Examination.*

### Business Mathematics

##### MTH113

General education course for non-STEM (science, technology, engineering and math) majors. Topics include linear equations, systems of linear equations, graphing, metric system, cash and trade discounts, markup, markdown, payroll, interest, descriptive statistics, interpretation of data from graphs and tables, depreciation, breakeven analysis, and valuation of inventory Emphasizes the interconnections of mathematical concepts. Multiple approaches, including technology, are used to emphasize conceptual understanding of business applications. 3 Credits (3 Lecture)
* Prerequisite(s): MTH005 or Placement by Examination.*

### Technical Algebra and Trigonometry I

##### MTH124

Study of intermediate algebra and trigonometry, designed to prepare students for course work in their technical majors. Topics include algebraic expressions, linear equations, systems of equations, right triangle trigonometry, functions, graphs, geometry, ratio and proportion, and variation. Emphasis on problem solving and technical application as well as the use of technology. Not designed to prepare students for calculus. 3 Credits (3 Lecture)
* Prerequisite(s): MTH005 or Placement by Examination.*

### Technical Algebra and Trigonometry II

##### MTH125

Study of intermediate algebra and trigonometry, designed to prepare students for course work in their technical majors. Topics include factoring, algebraic fractions and equations, quadratic equations, trigonometric functions and graphs, radicals, complex numbers, exponential and logarithmic functions and graphs, nonlinear systems, and inequalities. Emphasis on problem solving and technical application as well as the use of technology. Not designed to prepare students for calculus. 3 Credits (3 Lecture)
* Prerequisite(s): MTH124.*

### Structures of Mathematics

##### MTH151

General education course for non-STEM (science, technology, engineering and math) majors. Topics include set theory, logic, number theory and the real number system, and personal finance. Emphasizes the interconnections of mathematical concepts. 3 Credits (3 Lecture)
* Prerequisite(s): MTH005 or Placement by Examination.*

### Topics in Mathematics

##### MTH153

General education course for non-STEM (science, technology, engineering and math) majors. Topics include geometry, systems of linear equations, probability, and statistics as well as their applications. Emphasizes the interconnections of mathematical concepts. 3 Credits (3 Lecture)
* Prerequisite(s): MTH005 or Placement by Examination.*

### Mathematics in Non-European Cultures I

##### MTH155

Survey of mathematical ideas developed by non-European cultures, such as African, Asian, South Pacific Islands, and native North, Central, and South America. Includes culture and specific examples from the following areas of mathematics: number theory, topology, probability, group theory and logical structures. Designed as a two-semester sequence, MTH155 is to be followed with a 1-credit lab course (MTH156) that includes travel to the Mayan World and a final project and presentation. 2 Credits (2 Lecture)
* Prerequisite(s): MTH006 or MTH124 or MTH151 or MTH153 or MTH160 or Placement by Examination. Corequisite(s): ENL111.* (Cultural Diversity)** Fall Only.**

### Mathematics in Non-European Cultures II

##### MTH156

Survey of mathematical ideas developed by non-European cultures including, but not limited to, those of native Central and South America. Includes culture and specific examples from mathematics and applied mathematics, architecture, design, engineering, astronomy, and archaeoastronomy. Designed to follow MTH 155, this course includes travel to the Mayan World and a final project and presentation. 1 Credit (0 Lecture - 3 Lab)
* Prerequisite(s): MTH155.* (Cultural Diversity)** Spring Only.**

### Elementary Statistics with Computer Applications

##### MTH160

Introduction of frequently applied statistical methods. Topics include graphical summaries, descriptive statistics, linear regression and correlation, elementary probability, binomial and normal distributions, sampling distrubitions and the Central Limit Theorem, and confidence intervals and tests of hypotheses for one and two samples. Computer applications include the use of plots, application of standard methods to real data, in-depth exploration of data, simulation as a learning tool, and screening data for errors. 4 Credits (3 Lecture - 3 Lab)
* Prerequisite(s): MTH005 or Placement by Examination.*

### Introduction to Geometry

##### MTH172

Survey of classical and modern geometry with an emphasis on conceptual development and applications. No prior exposure to geometry is assumed. Classical geometry topics include systems of measurement, planar and spatial figures, right triangles, area and volume, congruent/similar figures, geometric constructions, pattern recognition, symmetry, coordinate geometric, conic sections, and the geometry of growth. Modern geometry topics may include topics in Euclidean and non-Euclidean geometry. Traditional study is enhanced by demonstrations, projects, hands-on construction, and models. 3 Credits (2.50 Lecture - 1.50 Lab)
* Prerequisite(s): MTH005 or Placement by Examination.*

### College Algebra and Trigonometry I

##### MTH180

Study providing a pre-calculus algebra background and an introduction to trigonometry. Topics include linear, quadratic, polynomial, rational, radical and trigonometric functions; equations; inequalities; right triangle trigonometry; and sine and cosine laws. Emphasis on conceptual understanding, problem solving, and graphing technology, using the language, symbols, and algorithms of algebra. 3 Credits (3 Lecture)
* Prerequisite(s): MTH006 or MTH125 or Placement by Examination.*

### College Algebra and Trigonometry II

##### MTH182

Comprehensive pre-calculus algebra, trigonometry and introductory matrix theory. Topics include inverse, exponential, logarithmic, circular, and trigonometric functions; models and their graphs; analytic trigonometry; solution to trigonometric equations; vectors in the plane; trigonometric form of complex numbers; multivariable linear systems; systems of inequalities; matrices and determinants. Emphasis on conceptual understanding, problem solving, and integration of graphing technology, using the language, symbols, and algorithms of algebra and trigonometry. 3 Credits (3 Lecture)
* Prerequisite(s): MTH180.*

### Pre-Calculus

##### MTH190

Accelerated study for eligible students, providing a pre-calculus background through meaningful development of concepts, the connections among topics, and the application of mathematics to the solutions of realistic problems. Topics include algebra, functions (polynomial, rational, exponential, logarithmic and trigonometric), analytic trigonometry, and systems of equations. This accelerated, one-semester course replaces the MTH 180 & MTH 182 combination; may not be taken for credit by students who have successfully completed those courses. 4 Credits (4 Lecture)
* Prerequisite(s): Placement by Examination.*

### Statistical Methods with Computer Applications

##### MTH210

Continuation of statistical theories and applications used widely in applied fields. Topics include experimental design and survey, use of the Chi-square, geometric and Poisson distributions, analysis of variance, analysis of regression and correlation, and non-parametric statistics. Course work includes analysis of appropriate research, computer applications using Minitab, and a project. 3 Credits (2 Lecture - 3 Lab)
* Prerequisite(s): MTH006 and MTH160 or MTH160 and Placement by Examination.*** Spring Only.**

### Applied Calculus

##### MTH230

Topics include relations and functions; conics; limits; differentiation and integration of algebraic, trigonometric and transcendental functions; methods of integration; and applied problem solving. 3 Credits (3 Lecture)
* Prerequisite(s): MTH180 and MTH182 or MTH190 or Placement by Examination.*

### Calculus I

##### MTH240

Topics include review of algebra; functions; limits; continuity; derivatives; applications of derivative such as velocity, rates of change, curve sketching, related rates, maximum-minimum theorems, and differentials; antiderivatives; and applied problem solving. 4 Credits (4 Lecture)
* Prerequisite(s): MTH180 and MTH182 or MTH190 or Placement by Examination.*

### Calculus II

##### MTH242

Continued study of calculus topics, including techniques of integration such as substitution, integration by parts, trigonometric substitution, and partial fractions; applications of integration including area, volume of surfaces of revolution, arc length, work, moments and centers of gravity; infinite series; and applied problem solving. 4 Credits (4 Lecture)
* Prerequisite(s): MTH240.*

### Discrete Mathematics

##### MTH252

Introduction to discrete mathematical structures. Topics include sets and sequences, properties of integers, logic and proofs, combinatorics, graphs and relations, and functions. (Formerly MTH250) 3 Credits (3 Lecture)
* Prerequisite(s): MTH240.*

### Linear Algebra

##### MTH255

Study of vector spaces. Topics include linear independence, bases and dimension, linear transformation matrices, and systems of linear equations. 3 Credits (3 Lecture)
* Prerequisite(s): MTH180 and MTH182 or MTH190 or MTH240 or Placement by Examination.*** Spring Only.**

### Calculus III

##### MTH340

Advanced calculus topics and applications, including vectors and their properties in two and three dimensional spaces, vector-valued functions, functions of several variables, partial derivatives, double and triple integrals, scalar and vector fields, line integrals, and an introduction to differential equations. 4 Credits (4 Lecture)
* Prerequisite(s): MTH242.*** Fall Only.**

### Ordinary Differential Equations

##### MTH346

Topics include techniques for solving first order separable and nonseparable differential equations; homogeneous and nonhomogeneous higher order linear differential equations; linear systems of differential equations; Laplace transformations; numerical methods; and uniqueness and existence theorems. Emphasis on the development of concepts and practical problem solving. 4 Credits (4 Lecture)
* Prerequisite(s): MTH242.*** Spring Only.**