College Catalog

Course Descriptions

Credentials Proven By Licensure (LPN)

NUR117

This course exists for the purpose of verifying transfer of nursing credits only. Eligible candidates who submit a notarized copy of the display portion of their current, valid LPN license to the Admission Office at Penn College, will be credited with thirteen (13) nursing credits after the successful completion of NUR223, Transition into Registered Nursing. The total nursing credits earned by successful completion of NUR 223 (3 credits) and presentation of licensure will award 16 credits. This is the same total nursing credits earned in the first year of the ADN program. 13 Credits (13 Lecture) Scheduled by Special Arrangement.

Introduction to Practical Nursing Concepts

NUR155

Introduction to practical nursing concept, including its philosophy and objectives. The role and responsibilities of the student practical nurse are introduced. Physical, social, emotional and psychological needs, and the developmental characteristics are studied across the age span from birth to death. Client needs, health concepts, and early foundational knowledge of the body systems are explored. The process of planning, implementing, and evaluating nursing care is introduced. In addition, math for pharmacology is reviewed and integrated into the study of drug preparation and administration. Admission to the program is required. 14 Credits (8 Lecture - 18 Clinical) Corequisite(s): BIO115 and ENL111. Fall Only.

Nursing Care of Adults I

NUR165

Systems-based study of acute problems with associated emergent disorders, and their effect on the adult client. Chronic, long-term impact associated with these disorders is also addressed. The use of effective interpersonal communication skills with clients, their families, and members of the health care team is expected. Pharmacological principles and rationale continue to be applied during supervised medication administration. Participation in the development and implementation of client-centered care plans is required. Expectations include progression as a contributing member of the nursing team while caring for assigned clients with needs of moderate complexity in the acute setting. (Formerly NUR 163 and 164) 16 Credits (8 Lecture - 24 Clinical) Prerequisite(s): NUR155. Corequisite(s): BIO125 and MTH124 or BIO125 and MTH151. Spring Only.

Nursing Care of Adults II

NUR175

Continuation of the systems approach with discussion of the more complex medical-surgical disorders and their effect on adult clients. Focus on co-morbidity and polypharmacology in the geriatric population. Mental health concepts are addressed, as well as issues and trends in nursing practice. Clinical rotations are planned to support these specialties. Greater independence in initiating all phases of the nursing process, incorporating health teaching, and identifying referral sources is evaluated during clinical rotations. Building on and transferring theoretical knowledge from the classroom to the clinical area is paramount to progress through this course. (Formerly NUR173) 6 Credits (4 Lecture - 6 Clinical) Prerequisite(s): NUR165. Corequisite(s): PSY111. Summer Only.

Maternal Child Health Nursing

NUR176

Observational experiences in labor and delivery of nursing care to newborn and postpartum clients in the acute care setting. Additional observational rotations to maternal child health care clinics and physician offices. Emphasis on growth and development related to the care of children throughout pediatric rotations in various settings such as hospitals, physician's offices, and day care centers. Application of related theoretical concepts to administer safe and effective nursing care to mothers, newborns and children. (Formerly NUR174) 6 Credits (4 Lecture - 6 Clinical) Prerequisite(s): NUR165. Corequisite(s): PSY111. Summer Only.

Foundations of Nursing

NUR182

Introduction to basic principles of nursing practice through lecture, discussion, and hands-on practice. Emphasis on the nursing process and its importance in the development of consumer-centered care. The use of informatics and evidence-based practice are introduced. Professional behaviors, teaching/learning principles, and communication are emphasized. Restricted to NR students only.(Formerly NUR180) 8 Credits (5 Lecture - 9 Lab) Corequisite(s): BIO115 and PSY111. Fall Only.

Adult Medical-Surgical Nursing I

NUR183

Exploration of professional nursing care of diverse adult consumers exhibiting simple health care problems; study involves lecture, simulation, discussion, and clinical experiences. Continued emphasis on the development of professional behaviors, communication, and teaching/learning principles. Beginning use of informatics and evidence-based practice to assess, plan, implement, and evaluate consumer-centered care. Restricted to NR students. (Formerly NUR181) 8 Credits (4 Lecture - 12 Lab) Prerequisite(s): NUR180 or NUR182 or NUR223. Corequisite(s): BIO125 and PSY203. Spring Only.

Introduction to Professional Nursing

NUR203

Orientation to the Penn College BSN Nursing program requirements, as well as a review of the Penn College Mission and Philosophy and the Penn College Nursing Programs Mission and Philosophy. Introduction to the nursing profession. Topics include the history of professional nursing, contemporary image of nursing, socialization into the nursing role, educational pathways, nursing ethics, communication, nursing process, legal aspects of nursing practice, health care policy and politics, nursing theorists, nursing licensure, the Pennsylvania Nurse Practice Act, evidence-based practice, the American health care system, and the NCLEX examination for registered nurses. 2 Credits (2 Lecture) Fall Only.

Fundamentals of Nursing

NUR211

Introduction to the basic principles of nursing practice through application of the nursing process and the concept of critical thinking. Lecture includes an overview of basic physiological and psychosocial responses to illness. Nursing care of adult clients exhibiting simple health care problems is also discussed. Client care utilizing basic analytical thought processes and the nursing process is explored through the clinical experience. Basic physical assessment skills are used to identify health problems of adult clients. The concept of critical thinking is explored in relationship to developing individualized nursing care plans. Nursing research is examined as a basis for nursing care decisions. 8 Credits (4 Lecture - 12 Lab) Prerequisite(s): BIO125 and ENL121 and HTH310 and MTR100 and NUR203 and PSY111 and SOC111 or BIO125 and ENL201 and HTH310 and MTR100 and NUR203 and PSY111 and SOC111 or BIO125 and ENL121 and HTH310 and MTR100 and NUR102 and NUR202 and PSY111 and SOC111 or BIO125 and ENL201 and HTH310 and MTR100 and NUR102 and NUR202 and PSY111 and SOC111. Corequisite(s): NUR212 and NUR383. Spring Only.

Fundamentals of Nursing Lab

NUR212

Introduction to the basic skills of nursing practice through the utilization of theory and kinesthetic learning principles. Lecture, discussion, and demonstration are utilized to assist development of proficiency in performing basic nursing skills. The concept of critical thinking is explored in relationship to decision-making in performing nursing skills with regard to individual client needs. Continued skill development includes the use of the nursing process to identify actual and potential client problems and cite appropriate interventions. Nursing research is examined as a basis for nursing care decisions. 2 Credits (1 Lecture - 3 Lab) Corequisite(s): NUR211 and NUR383. Spring Only.

Adult Medical-Surgical Nursing II

NUR214

Exploration of professional nursing care of diverse adult health care consumers who exhibit more complex health care problems; study involves evidenced-based practice, lecture, simulation, projects, discussion, informatics, and clinical experiences. Further development of critical thinking skills and professional behaviors. Effective application of the nursing process through continued practice. The student begins functioning as an interdisciplinary team member while providing consumer-centered care to the adult client. (Formerly NUR219) 5 Credits (3 Lecture - 6 Lab) Prerequisite(s): BIO125 and NUR183 and PSY203 or BIO125 and NUR181 and PSY203 or BIO125 and NUR223 and PSY203. Corequisite(s): NUR270 and NUR273 and NUR286 or NUR271 and NUR273 and NUR286. Fall Only.

Transitions in Registered Nursing

NUR223

Course work designed to facilitate the entry of the practical nurse into the second year of Penn College's Nursing program. Focus on the transition to the registered nurse student role. The nursing process forms the foundation for the development of skills basic to practice as a registered nurse student. Emphasis on the role of the associate degree nurse as provider of care, communicator, client advocate, and educator. The chemistry requirement must be complete prior to enrollment in this course (see program director for clarification). Successful completion of NUR223 with a grade of "C" or better is required for acceptance into Advanced Credit Status in the Nursing Program. 3 Credits (2 Lecture - 3 Lab) Prerequisite(s): BIO115 and ENL111 and MTH124 and NUR117 and PSY111 or BIO115 and ENL111 and MTH125 and NUR117 and PSY111 or BIO115 and ENL111 and MTH151 and NUR117 and PSY111 or BIO115 and ENL111 and MTH153 and NUR117 and PSY111 or BIO111 and ENL111 and MTH180 and NUR117 and PSY111 or BIO111 and ENL111 and MTH182 and NUR117 and PSY111 or BIO111 and ENL111 and MTH190 and NUR117 and PSY111. Corequisite(s): BIO125 and PSY203. Spring Only.

Adult Medical-Surgical Nursing III

NUR229

Terminal medical/surgical nursing study, involving complex health care problems. Practice of professional behaviors while using critical thinking and clinical judgment to manage the care of the adult client exhibiting complex health problems. (Formerly NUR226) 5 Credits (3 Lecture - 6 Lab) Prerequisite(s): BIO201 and NUR214 and NUR270 and NUR273 and NUR286 or BIO201 and NUR214 and NUR271 and NUR273 and NUR286 or BIO201 and NUR219 and NUR280 and NUR283 and NUR284 and NUR285 or BIO201 and NUR219 and NUR281 and NUR283 and NUR284 and NUR285. Corequisite(s): CSC124 and NUR270 and NUR272 and SOC111 or CSC124 and NUR271 and NUR272 and SOC111. Spring Only.

Childbearing Nursing

NUR270

Exploration of nursing care of clients experiencing a normal pregnancy or a pregnancy at risk. Common obstetrical problems of increasing complexity are studied. Emphasis on assessment, planning, implementation, and evaluation of care for the childbearing client. Experiences include care for the mother, fetus, and neonate during normal pregnancies. Social and environmental influences are addressed, as well as pharmacological and nutritional factors. (Formerly NUR280) 3 Credits (2 Lecture - 3 Lab) Prerequisite(s): BIO125 and NUR183 and PSY203 or BIO125 and NUR223 and PSY203 or BIO125 and NUR181 and PSY203. Corequisite(s): BIO201 and NUR214 and NUR273 and NUR286 or CSC124 and NUR229 and NUR272 and SOC111.

Nursing Care of Children

NUR271

Exploration of the nursing process when providing care to healthy children and those exhibiting common health problems. Application of age appropriate communication skills and nursing strategies during the interaction with children of different developmental stages in a variety of clinical settings. Topics include normal growth and development principles and their application. Restricted to NR students. (Formerly NUR281) 3 Credits (2 Lecture - 3 Lab) Prerequisite(s): BIO125 and NUR183 and PSY203 or BIO125 and NUR223 and PSY203 or BIO125 and NUR181 and PSY203. Corequisite(s): NUR214 and NUR273 and NUR286 or CSC124 and NUR229 and NUR272 and SOC111.

Psychosocial Nursing

NUR272

Knowledge from the biological, social, and nursing sciences is used to display effective use of the nursing process when providing evidence-based nursing care to health care consumers exhibiting psychosocial health problems. Appropriate modes of communication are put into practice to establish a therapeutic nurse-client relationship and interaction with the health care team. Course work includes constructing health teaching plans to help consumers to identify their coping responses and maximize their strengths to deal with everyday life. A comparison of Web-based resources provides appropriate evidence-based nursing information to guide nursing care and to support consumers with psychosocial needs. Professional behaviors are enhanced and displayed when working with consumers and the interdisciplinary health care team. (Formerly NUR282) 3 Credits (2 Lecture - 3 Lab) Prerequisite(s): BIO201 and NUR214 and NUR273 and NUR286 or BIO201 and NUR219 and NUR283 and NUR284 and NUR285. Corequisite(s): CSC124 and NUR229 and NUR270 and SOC111 or CSC124 and NUR229 and NUR271 and SOC111. Spring Only.

Topics In Nursing

NUR273

Discussion-oriented introduction to selected current nursing issues. Study includes a comparison/contrast of selected health care needs of consumers of all ages with diverse cultural, ethnic, religious, and socioeconomic backgrounds and developmental needs. Emphasis on applying leadership and management principles, and examining team building and interdisciplinary communication skills needed to become competent in the nursing profession. The nursing process is applied to legal and ethical problems. Caregiver concerns are highlighted through an analysis of Internet-based educational materials for this group of health care consumers. Course work also includes evaluation of evidence-based nursing literature. The course encourages the continuing development of professional behaviors that are needed to help enhance personal and professional growth. (Formerly NUR283) 2 Credits (2 Lecture) Prerequisite(s): BIO125 and NUR183 and PSY203 or BIO125 and NUR223 or BIO125 and NUR181 and PSY203. Corequisite(s): BIO201 and NUR214 and NUR270 and NUR286 or BIO201 and NUR214 and NUR271 and NUR286. Fall Only.

Essentials of Pharmacology

NUR286

Examination of foundational pharmacologic principles and practices associated with the nursing management of drug therapy while using the nursing process. A systematic approach to the study of medications is based on drug classifications with a focus on the prototype drug(s) within the classification. Restricted to NR students. 1 Credit (1 Lecture) Prerequisite(s): BIO125 and NUR183 and PSY203 or BIO125 and NUR223 and PSY203 or BIO125 and NUR181 and PSY203. Corequisite(s): BIO201 and NUR214 and NUR270 and NUR273 or BIO201 and NUR214 and NUR271 and NUR273. Fall Only.

Credentials Proven by License

NUR302

This course exists for the purpose of verifying transfer of nursing credits only. Eligible candidates who submit a notarized copy of the display portion of their current, valid R.N. license to the Admissions Office at Penn College, will be credited with 33 nursing credits. NUR 302 credits will be held in escrow until successful completion of NUR 327 or NUR 412. These 33 nursing credits reflect the candidate's ability to meet the A.D. level nursing course requirements by virtue of his/her license. Candidates must meet all Penn College baccalaureate program admission requirements prior to acceptance into the B.S.N. program. 33 Credits (33 Lecture)

Adult Health Nursing I

NUR303

Exploration of the nursing care of adult clients exhibiting more complex health needs, delivered through lecture, discussion, and clinical experiences. Critical-thinking activities interspersed throughout the course as well as a focus on research and evidence-based nursing interventions provide the level of cognitive ability needed to function in the role of a baccalaureate-prepared nurse. 8 Credits (4 Lecture - 12 Lab) Prerequisite(s): CHM100 and NUR211 and NUR212 or CHM108 and NUR211 and NUR212 or CHM111 and NUR211 and NUR212. Corequisite(s): NUR352. Fall Only.

Holistic Perspectives of Health and Wellness

NUR305

Exploration of the concepts of caring, healing, and wellness from a holistic perspective. The application of alternatives and complementary therapies from traditional models are examined. 1 Credit (1 Lecture) Scheduled by Special Arrangement.

Women's Health Issues

NUR307

Examination of current health issues and health care services as they affect women. Unique perspectives on women's lifestyles and health are examined as they interrelate with family, the environment and society. 1 Credit (1 Lecture) Scheduled by Special Arrangement.

Nutritional Concepts for Nurses

NUR308

Examination of nutritional needs and medical nutrition therapy with discussion of biochemical markers of nutrition, Dietary Guidelines for Americans, and the USDA's online nutrition and health website. Life cycle nutrition and the relationship between health and illness for specific disease states are discussed. Emphasis on the relationship between age, gender, disease states, chronic and acute illness, and various forms of nutritional therapies. The course work requres a basic, working knowledge of anatomy and physiology and basic nutrition. 1 Credit (1 Lecture) Prerequisite(s): BIO115 and BIO125.

The Philosophy of Professional Nursing

NUR311

RN-to-BSN transition course, designed to assist the registered nurse student in developing and achieving professional perspective. A collaborative approach to learning is utilized. Emphasis is on the current health care delivery system, concepts of professionalism, theories of role transition, and an introduction to nursing theory and research. Admission to the BSN major is required to take this course. (Formerly NUR310) 3 Credits (3 Lecture) Prerequisite(s): CSC124 and ENL121 or CSC124 and ENL201.

Community Health Nursing

NUR327

Examination of the theoretical bases of community nursing, community health issues and the role of nursing in providing care to individuals, families, and groups in the community. The role of preventive and promotive health teaching for individuals, families and the community is addressed. Application of theory takes place through several community-based projects and the opportunity for students to design portions of the clinical experience, under the direction of the instructor. Course assignments focus on development of environmental awareness and its relationship to health, group perspective and associated nursing interventions. Issues related to epidemiology, health policy, community resources, and the nursing process as related to community health issues (e.g., program planning, family health, public health, and home care) are addressed in classroom and/or clinical experiences. Clinical observations and preceptor guided clinical experiences are required. Written and oral communication skills receive intensive emphasis. 4 Credits (2 Lecture - 6 Lab) Prerequisite(s): NUR303 and NUR330 and NUR340 and NUR352 or NUR311.

Obstetrical Nursing

NUR330

Exploration of the nursing care of clients experiencing a normal pregnancy or a pregnancy at risk is explored through lecture, discussion, and clinical experiences. Critical thinking skills are utilized while focusing on health promotion and management of risk factors in client care situations during the prenatal, intrapartum, and postpartum and neonatal periods. Women's health issues are researched. Current nursing research and evidence-based nursing interventions provide the level of cognitive ability needed to function in the role of a baccalaureate prepared nurse. 4 Credits (2 Lecture - 6 Lab) Prerequisite(s): NUR211 and NUR212 and NUR352. Spring Only.

Pediatric Nursing

NUR340

Exploration of the nursing care of healthy children and adolescents as well as those exhibiting common health problems. Concepts include those related to growth and development as well as the physiology utilized to identify norms and deviations in the health status of children and adolescents. Age-appropriate communication skills, evidence-based nursing strategies, and critical thinking skills for professional interaction with children of different ages in a variety of clinical settings are integrated into the classroom and clinical components. 4 Credits (2 Lecture - 6 Lab) Prerequisite(s): NUR211 and NUR212 and NUR352 and PSY203. Spring Only.

Case Management in Nursing

NUR351

Introduction to the topics of case management in nursing. Nursing case management is an approach that focuses on the coordination, integration, and direct delivery of patient services and places internal controls on the resources used for care. Case management balances the cost and quality components of nursing service and patient care outcomes in the acute care hospital setting as well as outpatient and community-based environments including Health Maintenance Organization (HMO) arrangements. Topics include the historical perspective of health care delivery, the evolution of case management and contemporary models of case management. Emphasis on the roles of the case manager, collaboration between disciplines, and evaluative methods in case management. 3 Credits (2 Lecture - 3 Lab) Scheduled by Special Arrangement.

Teaching and Learning Concepts and Strategies

NUR352

Introduction to a variety of teaching and learning concepts that apply to all learners, focusing on issues within the patient-centered environment. Exploration includes techniques and strategies that enhance the learning process for pediatric, obstetric, adult, and geriatric clients. Emphasis on using critical thinking skills to identify problems and develop practical solutions within the client-centered environment. 3 Credits (3 Lecture) Scheduled by Special Arrangement.

The Role of the Health Care Provider Related to Death and Dying

NUR360

Exploration of the role of the nurse and other health care professionals in the provision of care for the dying patient. Discussion allows for examination of personal feelings, as well as the professional, spiritual and ethical issues surrounding the care of the dying patient and his/her family. Palliative care choices are analyzed from a multidisciplinary perspective. The course provides insight into the implications for nursing and health care practice of how different cultures view and experience death and dying. 1 Credit (1 Lecture) Scheduled by Special Arrangement.

Informatics in Health Care Delivery

NUR361

Introduction to various computerized information systems, such as HIS (hospital information systems), NIS (nursing information systems), medical information databases, and bedside computing systems. Emphasis on the application of these information systems to professional health care. 1 Credit (1 Lecture) Prerequisite(s): CSC110 or CSC124. Scheduled by Special Arrangement.

Focus on Gerontology

NUR370

Exploration of issues that arise when rendering nursing care to elderly clients. Areas of focus include biological, psychological, social, legal and ethical issues. The health care delivery systems of acute care, long-term care, and home nursing/community care all face many changes which will affect the elderly. Nursing issues for each area are explored. Emphasis on prevention, stabilization and restorative nursing concepts. Nursing management issues are also explored. 1 Credit (1 Lecture) Scheduled by Special Arrangement.

Critical Thinking in Health Care

NUR375

Study and analysis of thinking styles. Critical thinking is defined, and the skills necessary to achieve quality in decision making and problem solving are addressed. (Formerly NUR374) 2 Credits (2 Lecture)

Pharmacology in Health Care

NUR380

Comprehensive review of all drug classifications as well as an in-depth study of prototypes specific to each drug category. Discussion includes pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, therapeutic effects, untoward reactions, and food/drug interactions of these medications, as well as pertinent legal and ethical aspects of medication administration. Individual course work includes a written pharmacological profile based on a client's medication regime or on a predesignated group of drugs. 3 Credits (3 Lecture) Prerequisite(s): BIO125. Scheduled by Special Arrangement.

Health Promotion in Health Care

NUR381

Introduction to concepts related to the encouragement of positive health changes among individuals and groups. Health promotion is defined by Pender (1987) as "increasing the level of well being and self actualization of a given individual or group." Health promotion addresses the current health care issues of cost, increased life expectancy, and maintaining and/or improving one's quality of life. Topics include the changing populations and health; health policy and the health care delivery system; relevant ethical issues; individual, family, and community health assessment; and health education strategies. 3 Credits (3 Lecture) Scheduled by Special Arrangement.

Advanced Physical Assessment

NUR383

Advanced theory and application that provides the knowledge and beginning skills to perform an advanced physical examination on clients. This knowledge will be incorporated with related pathophysiological processes to common abnormalities. Interviewing techniques and basic head-to-toe physical assessment are reviewed. Later emphasis on the focused systems assessments necessary for providing care to clients across the lifespan. Students are expected to perform an advanced physical assessment upon a designated client and effectively communicate such findings. The integration of laboratory findings, pathophysiology, and physical exam findings are addressed. 3 Credits (3 Lecture) Scheduled by Special Arrangement.

Independent Study in Current Nursing Issues and Trends

NUR391

Individualized study designed to provide the RN student an opportunity to investigate a current nursing related issue or trend. Under the direction of a nursing faculty member, the student contracts for learning experiences based upon collaboratively developed learning objectives. Learning goals and objectives for the course must be approved prior to commencement of the semester in which the independent study is undertaken. Admission to the BSN major or permission of the Director of Nursing is required to take this course. 1 Credit (1 Lecture) Prerequisite(s): NUR310 or NUR311. Scheduled by Special Arrangement.

Explorations in Clinical Practice

NUR412

Clinically based experience with options for either new or advanced clinical practice areas of focus, including (but not limited to) Geriatrics, Home Health, Public Health, Families with Children, ICU/CCU, Industrial Health, School Nursing, Medical-Surgical Nursing, Emergency Nursing, Oncology, Renal Disease, and Mental Health. Students provide interventions for health promotion and facilitate adaptive responses to acute and chronic health problems at various stages across the life span. Clinical practicum are arranged through a student-initiated preceptor. Advanced clinical options are discussed. (Formerly NUR411) 4 Credits (2 Lecture - 6 Lab) Prerequisite(s): NUR327 and NUR352 and NUR383 or NUR326 and NUR352 and NUR383. Scheduled by Special Arrangement.

Mental Health Nursing

NUR420

Study of psychosocial health problems, providing for the development of skills in assessing, planning, implementing, and evaluating care of clients who exhibit psychosocial needs. Communication skills are applied in establishing a therapeutic nurse-client relationship. Emphasis on identifying the client's coping responses and maximizing strengths to promote adaptation. Critical thinking skills are applied in the process of planning and providing care for clients and their support persons. Nursing research is examined as a basis for developing evidence-based nursing interventions utilizing current methodologies. 4 Credits (2 Lecture - 6 Lab) Prerequisite(s): NUR303 and NUR352 and NUR380. Corequisite(s): NUR327. Fall Only.

Adult Health Nursing II

NUR430

Exploration of nursing care of adult clients exhibiting the most complex health needs, delivered through lecture, discussion, and clinical experiences. Critical-thinking activities interspersed throughout the course as well as a focus on research and evidenced-based nursing interventions provide the level of cognitive ability needed to function in the role of a baccalaureate-prepared nurse. 8 Credits (4 Lecture - 12 Lab) Prerequisite(s): BIO201 and NUR303 and NUR380. Corequisite(s): NUR461 and NUR495. Spring Only.

Philosophy, Ethics, and Integrity in Health Care

NUR460

Discussion-oriented seminar allowing the student to explore and articulate their own values and beliefs surrounding current health care issues. Ethical decision-making and analysis of potential conflicts between personal and professional obligations are discussed. 1 Credit (1 Lecture) Scheduled by Special Arrangement.

Leadership and Management in Nursing

NUR461

Introduction to the topic of leadership and management within the discipline of nursing. Leading and managing are two essential expectations of all professional nurses. To lead and to manage successfully, nurses must possess not only knowledge and skills, but also a caring and compassionate attitude. This course will merge nursing theory, research and practical application in key leadership and management areas. Topics include strategies in planning, goal setting and marketing, problem solving and decision making, managing time, leading and organizing groups of people, team building, care delivery systems and learning how to utilize empowerment in nursing. 3 Credits (3 Lecture) Prerequisite(s): NUR327 and NUR352. Scheduled by Special Arrangement.

Transcultural Nursing

NUR465

Introduction to basic transcultural nursing concepts. Areas of focus include self assessment of cultural biases; differentiation between the terms, culture, ethnicity, cultural diversity, minority, and race; and specific transcultural concepts with regard to nursing practice. Components of a thorough cultural assessment are discussed. Emphasis on cultural issues including the differences in communication, use of personal space, social organization, time, environmental control, and biological variations. Special nursing issues include a comparison in pain response, gender differences, childbearing, and child-rearing practices between certain cultures. Nursing interventions are examined to enhance the nurse's ability to provide culturally sensitive and appropriate individualized nursing care. Intensive emphasis on written and oral communication skills. 3 Credits (3 Lecture) (Cultural Diversity) Scheduled by Special Arrangement.

Independent Study in Professional Nursing

NUR491

Individualized opportunity to investigate further an area of interest in nursing practice, research, theory or education based on the student's particular interests. Under the direction of a nursing faculty member, the student demonstrates creativity and initiative to contract for learning experiences based upon learning objectives. Scholarly papers, professional projects, and practice-based interventions are possible. 3 Credits (3 Lecture) Prerequisite(s): NUR310 or NUR311. Scheduled by Special Arrangement.

Research and Theory in Clinical Practice

NUR495

End-of-program course focusing on completion of a scholarly project that offers students the opportunity to synthesize knowledge for evidence-based nursing practice. Concepts related to nursing research are utilized to facilitate analysis and integration of educational and professional knowledge and experiences. Recognition of the interrelationship of practice, theory and research is emphasized. The process of accessing and critiquing scholarly literature is emphasized to enable the student to become an informed consumer of nursing research. 4 Credits (4 Lecture) Prerequisite(s): MTH160 and NUR412 or MTH160 and NUR327. Corequisite(s): NUR461. (Writing Enriched)

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