Basic study of philosophical ethics and its application to disasters and emergency management. The major philosophical approaches to ethics, including relativism, religious ethics, egoism, utilitarianism, and deontological ethics, are applied to theoretical and real-world examples of natural and man-made disasters and their management. Throughout, emphasis is placed on the role of rational argumentation in justifying the actions or expected reactions to emergency management at the local, state, and federal levels. 3 Credits (3 Lecture)