Scientific investigation of interactions in the environment, including cause-and-effect relationships and a focus on the impact of humans on the natural environment. Biological, chemical, physical, and geological principles are integrated into the presentations. Topics covered promote a basic scientific understanding of environmental issues and informed decision making. Appropriate for students in all programs. 3 Credits (3 Lecture)
Introduction to Forensic Science
Study and application of science to the processes of law and crime scene investigation. Capabilities and limitations of forensic science are discussed. 3 Credits (3 Lecture) Prerequisite(s): ENL111 and MTH005 or ENL111 and Placement by Examination. (Science, Technology and Society)
Introduction to Forensic Science Laboratory
Instrumentation and techniques in basic forensic science are employed to analyze known and unknown physical and biological evidence. Basic forensic anthropology are discussed when identifying unknown skeletal remains. Mock crime scenes are used as a method of assessment. 1 Credit (0 Lecture - 3 Lab) Corequisite(s): SCI101.
The Chemistry and Geology of Marcellus Shale Gas Drilling
Application of fundamental principles of chemistry and geology to understanding the scientific process, challenges, and results of natural gas drilling in the Pennsylvania Marcellus Shale. Little or no background in chemistry or geology is assumed. 3 Credits (3 Lecture) Prerequisite(s): Placement by Examination or ENL001 and Placement by Examination or MTH004 and Placement by Examination or RDG001. (Science, Technology and Society)
The Chemistry and Geology of Marcellus Shale Gas Drilling Laboratory
Introduction to quantitative and qualitative laboratory techniques, supplemented with several field trips to illustrate principles of chemistry and geology that underlie the recovery of natural gas from the Pennsylvania Marcellus Shale. 1 Credit (0 Lecture - 3 Lab) Corequisite(s): SCI105.
Weather and Climate
Introduction to the science of meteorology, with emphasis on atmospheric mechanisms that create and affect the Earth's weather. Basics, principles and limitations of weather forecasting are examined, as are local and national climatic data. Topics include heat transfer in the atmosphere, types of clouds and precipitation, air masses, weather fronts, characteristics of cyclones and anticyclones, analysis of computer guidance, and the importance of physical geography in weather and climate. No science background is presumed. 3 Credits (3 Lecture) Prerequisite(s): Placement by Examination or MTH005 and Placement by Examination or RDG111.
Introduction to Astronomy
Scientific methodologies and theories relating to the extraterrestrial universe, beginning with the beliefs of ancient civilizations and progressing through modern scientific ideas about astronomy. Social contexts that historically have advanced or retarded progress in this discipline are addressed. 3 Credits (3 Lecture) As needed, Fall.
Laboratory investigations emphasize geometrical and physical optics; spectroscopy; computer simulations of orbital mechanics; and construction of instruments for stellar investigations. Study includes naked-eye and telescopic observations of the night sky. 1 Credit (0 Lecture - 3 Lab) Corequisite(s): SCI155. As needed, Fall.
The Science of Spaceflight
Investigation of the history and science of spaceflight, including the social, political, historical, and scientific implications of the space program since President Eisenhower initiated the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) in 1958. Topics include the political and economic implications of the space program, basic science of propulsion and trajectories, operational facts about the space shuttle, basic physical laws that govern spaceflight and planetary motion, living and working in space, spacesuit design, overview of our solar system, satellites, Hubble Space Telescope, global positioning, robotics, the space station, future ventures into space, and the effect space technology has on society. Emphasis on conceptual models, although some mathematical analysis and problem solving is involved. 3 Credits (3 Lecture) Prerequisite(s): ENL111 and MTH006 or ENL111 and Placement by Examination. (Science, Technology and Society)
Introduction to Physical Science
Survey of the fundamental laws, theories, and concepts of physics, chemistry, astronomy, meteorology, and geology. Intended primarily for non-science students desiring to fulfill a requirement for a Natural Science course with a laboratory component. (Formerly SCI165) 4 Credits (3 Lecture - 3 Lab) Prerequisite(s): Placement by Examination or ENL001 and Placement by Examination or MTH004 and Placement by Examination or RDG001.
Biology and Modern Society
Discussion and analysis provide a basis for rational and informed decision-making on current topics of biological interest. Emphasis on integrating human concerns with biological concepts from various sub-fields ranging from ecology to medicine. Topics include biology of cancer, AIDS, and agribusiness/population problems. Intended for non-science majors. 3 Credits (3 Lecture) Prerequisite(s): ENL111. (Science, Technology and Society)